The Future of Natural Gas is the fourth in a series of MIT multidisciplinary reports examining the role of various energy sources that may be important for meeting future demand under carbon dioxide emissions constraints. In each case, we explore the steps needed to enable competitiveness in a future marketplace conditioned by a CO2 emissions price. Often overlooked in past debates about the future of energy in the U.S., natural gas is finding its place at the heart of the energy discussion. Natural gas is a major fuel for multiple end uses — electricity, industry, heating — and is increasingly discussed as a potential pathway to reduced oil dependence for transportation. In addition, the realization over the last few years that the producible unconventional gas resource in the U.S. is very large has intensified the discussion about natural gas as a “bridge” to a low-carbon future.
Ernest Moniz - Chair Cecil and Ida Green Professor of Physics and Engineering Systems, MIT MITEI Anthony Meggs - Co-Chair Visiting Engineer MITEI Stephen Connors Research Scientist MITEI Qudsia Ejaz Postdoctoral Associate MITEI Joseph Hezir Visiting Engineer MITEI Gordon Kaufman Morris A. Adelman Professor of Management (Emeritus) MIT Melanie Kenderdine Executive Director MITEI Ignacio Perez-Arriaga Visiting Professor Engineering Systems Division, MIT Carolyn Seto Clare Boothe Luce Postdoctoral Fellow Department of Chemical Engineering, MIT Mort Webster Assistant Professor Engineering Systems Division, MIT Yingxia Yang MITEI MIT Study on the Future of Natural Gas iii
Carolyn Ruppel Visiting Scientist Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, MIT
Graduate Research Assistants
Sarah Fletcher Mike Hagerty Exelon – MIT Energy Fellow Orghenerume Kragha Tommy Leung Cummins – MIT Energy Fellow Paul Murphy Total – MIT Energy Fellow Anil Rachokonda Karen Tapia-Ahumada GTI – MIT Energy Fellow Ibrahim Toukan Constellation – MIT Energy Fellow Dogan Ucok Yuan Yao
Advisory Committee Members
Thomas McLarty, III - Chairman President & CEO McLarty Associates Denise Bode CEO American Wind Energy Association Ralph Cavanagh Senior Attorney and Co-Director of Energy Program Natural Resource Defense Council Sunil Deshmukh Founding Member Sierra Club India Advisory Council Joseph Dominguez Exelon Corporation Ron Edelstein Gas Technology Institute Neal Elliott Associate Director for Research American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy John Hess Chairman and CEO Hess Corporation James Jensen President Jensen Associates Senator (ret.) J. Bennett Johnston Chairman Johnston Associates Vello Kuuskraa President Advance Resources International, Inc. Mike MIng President Research Partnership to Secure Energy to America Theodore Roosevelt IV Managing Director & Chairman Barclays Capital Clean Tech Initiative Octavio Simoes Vice President of Commercial Development Sempra Energy Greg Staple CEO American Clean Skies Foundation Peter Tertzakian Chief Energy Economist and Managing Director ARC Financial David Victor Director Laboratory on International Law and Regulation, University of California, San Diego Armando Zamora Director ANH-Agencia Nacional De Hidrocarburos