The MIT Technology and Policy Program (TPP) celebrated 40 years with an event on May 20, bringing together TPP alumni and others from academia, government, and industry. The event was co-organized by TPP associate director Noelle Selin, the Esther and Harold E. Edgerton Career Development Associate Professor in the Institute for Data, Systems, and Society (IDSS) and the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Studies; and Jessika Trancik, the Atlantic Richfield Career Development Assistant Professor of Energy Studies in IDSS.
While TPP’s 30th anniversary event in 2006 focused on the rich history of the academic program, this event looked ahead to future opportunities and challenges. The day-long event included panels focused on topics such as innovation, regulation, development and sustainability, and conflict and cooperation. A number of TPP alumni and other experts provided perspectives from their experiences working at the intersection of technology and policy.
IDSS director Munther Dahleh, the William A. Coolidge Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, welcomed attendees, noting the importance of educating students “who are able to think about technology and policy at the same time.” Policies designed to reduce emissions or address privacy and security, for example, are directly connected to technology — and to work effectively in these areas, and others, one must be able to have a deep understanding of both the technology and policy, and how they interact.
Dahleh explained that a core part of IDSS vision and mission is “addressing society as part of the loop in the system,” well-integrated with technology and policy, across a variety of sectors and domains.
In a session on “Technology and Policy at MIT and Beyond,” panelists addressed the qualities that define research that integrates technology and policy.
“We need to first ask: What are the real-world problems where the technical details matter? And then: How do you find the right methods — and invent new ones?” said Erica Fuchs ’03, PhD ’06, professor of engineering and public policy at Carnegie Mellon University.
“It’s the melding — the conversation across the two, technology and social science — that creates opportunities to co-author with people of different fields,” explained Fuchs. “To answer real-world problems, we have to do that kind of collaboration.”
Drawing on expertise in a range of domains, panelists were able to speak to some of the specific challenges of their work. In a panel on technology and regulation, for example, Josephine Wolff ’12, PhD ’15, assistant professor of public policy at the Rochester Institute of Technology, spoke about cybersecurity, and some of the current ambiguity around what is legal or illegal — such as the reality that there is no official agreement on whether it is legal to buy stolen data. Valerie Karplus ’08, ESD PhD ’11, assistant professor of global economics and management at MIT, spoke about her work focused on wind power in China. She noted that that there are cases in which the laws around wind power can be too rigid, and that although governments may have the incentives to create wind farms, the utilization and outcomes might be limited because of the way the grid is operated.
A thread of interdisciplinary and international collaboration wove through many of the discussions. In a panel on technology, conflict, and cooperation, Matthew Bunn PhD ’07, professor of practice at the Harvard Kennedy School and former adviser to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy on nuclear security, noted, “Most of big challenges facing society can’t be solved with the perspective from any one discipline — or country.”
TPP, which is now among the academic programs of MIT’s Institute for Data, Systems, and Society, offers the Master of Science in Technology and Policy. TPP aims to develop leaders who can create, refine, and implement policies that are informed not only by an understanding of technology, but also by social contexts.