2019 MIT Energy Initiative Annual Research Conference:

Driving Deep Decarbonization

November 5-7, 2019
MIT Media Lab — Building E14
75 Amherst Street, Cambridge, MA 02142

MITEI’s Annual Research Conference seeks to frame the key technology, policy, and economic drivers that are shaping today’s energy industry and its future. This year’s theme is Driving Deep Decarbonization, encompassing how we produce and consume energy, and looking deeply at the major systems in which we consume the most energy. The program presents roadmaps for meeting growing energy demand, decarbonizing the energy sector, and stabilizing the climate.

The first two days will focus on driving deep decarbonization across major systems: power, mobility, buildings, and industry. On the third day, we will hold the first combined meeting of the Low-Carbon Energy Centers, which will bring together the members of the different centers—including the new Mobility Systems Center—for shared plenaries that focus on systems modeling and technoeconomic analysis. The individual centers will hold all-day, morning, and afternoon sessions for members and invited guests.


Questions? Contact MITEI Member Services.



Topics



Schedule

Tuesday, November 5
7:30-8:45 am Breakfast and registration
8:45-9:00 am Welcome and opening remarks
Robert C. Armstrong, Director, MIT Energy Initiative and Chevron Professor of Chemical Engineering at MIT
9:00-10:15 am Engagement: A lever of decarbonization
MIT issued A Plan for Action on Climate Change on October 21, 2015 and called for intensive engagement with industry and government. “Transforming society, as the moment demands, requires transforming our energy system. To move the great stone of the status quo, for MIT, direct engagement will be an indispensable lever,” the report states. This session looks at the state of engagement today among and within these three sectors in addressing climate change.

Moderator: Robert C. Armstrong, Director, MIT Energy Initiative and Chevron Professor of Chemical Engineering at MIT

Speakers:

Jake Jurewicz, Manager of Corporate Strategy, Exelon

Melanie Kenderdine, Principal, Energy Futures Initiative; Former Director of the Office of Energy Policy, U.S. Department of Energy

Yueh-Lin (Lynn) Loo, Director, Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment; Theodora D. ’78 and William H. Walton III ’74 Professor in Engineering; Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Princeton University

Massimiliano Pieri, Clean-Tech Director, Eni Next & VP Cooperation with MIT

Dennis Whyte, Director, Plasma Science and Fusion Center;
Hitachi America Professor of Engineering, Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering, MIT

10:15-10:45 am Break
10:45 am-12:00 pm Energy at scale
The Energy-at-Scale project of the MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change assesses the economic and environmental impacts of scaling up low carbon technologies. Now joined by MITEI, the Energy-at-Scale Center seeks to address the massive scaling requirements necessary for low carbon technologies to make a substantial contribution to future global energy needs. This session examines economic, technical, environmental, political, and public opinion barriers for deployment.

Moderator: Sergey Paltsev, Deputy Director,
MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change; Senior Research Scientist, MIT Energy Initiative and Director of Energy-at-Scale Center

Speakers: 

Barbara J. Burger, President, Chevron Technology Ventures

Erin Smith, Research Assistant, Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, MIT

Jacob J. Thiart, Manager of the Catalyst and Process Technology Division, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering

Eric A. Thumma, Director of New Business Offshore Wind, Avangrid Renewables

12:00-1:30 pm Lunch and viewing of posters
1:30-2:45 pm Hydrogen: This time is different
This session will explore both the present state of technologies for low-carbon production, distribution, and utilization of hydrogen and the competitive position of hydrogen in power generation, storage, transportation, and industrial markets. We will examine the infrastructure, policy, and regulatory frameworks needed to enable hydrogen to participate in a low-carbon future.

Moderator: Dharik Mallapragada, Research Scientist,
MIT Energy Initiative

Speakers: 

Traci Kraus, Director of Government Relations, Cummins

Yang Shao-Horn, W.M. Keck Professor of Energy, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT

C. Cem Tasan, Associate Professor, Department of
Materials Science and Engineering, MIT

2:45-3:15 pm Break
3:15-4:45 pm

Integrating renewables into the grid: Exploring policy choices
Integrating renewables into the grid at scale requires us to re-think policy, regulation, and business models. In this, we session will explore critical issues that must be addressed as renewable penetration on the grid rises – including the implications for subsidies, the role of consumer preference, and mitigating intermittency with storage and novel control strategies.

Moderator: Robert Stoner, Deputy Director,
MIT Energy Initiative

Speakers:

Marija Ilić, Senior Staff, Energy Systems Group 73, MIT Lincoln Laboratory; Senior Research Scientist, Laboratory for Information & Decision Systems, MIT

Valerie J. Karplus, Assistant Professor, Global Economics and Management, MIT

Christopher Knittel, George P. Shultz Professor of Applied Economics, MIT

Richard Schmalensee
, Howard W. Johnson Professor of Management and Professor of Economics Emeritus, MIT

Jessika Trancik, Associate Professor, Institute for Data, Systems, and Society, MIT

4:45-6:30 pm Reception honoring MITEI’s Society of Energy Fellows and MIT postdocs
Open to all conference participants
Remarks from Antje Danielson, Education Director,
MIT Energy Initiative
Wednesday, November 6
8:00-9:00 am Breakfast
9:00-10:15 am Decarbonizing buildings: The long tail of the built environment
Heating, cooling, and lighting our residential and commercial buildings requires large quantities of energy. Energy efficiency improvements in the U.S. and Europe have slowed emissions growth, but new-build projections across the world, especially in the developing world, are massive. This session examines the opportunities for lowering the carbon intensity of our existing building stock and novel approaches to new construction.

Moderator: Christoph Reinhart, Director,
Building Technology Program; Head, Sustainable Design Lab;
Professor, Department of Architecture, MIT

Speakers:

Anuradha Annaswamy, Founder and Director,
Active-Adaptive Control Laboratory, Department of
Mechanical Engineering, MIT

Mark Goulthorpe, Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, MIT

Caitlin Mueller, Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, MIT

10:15-10:45 am Break
10:45 am-12:15 pm MITEI General Seed Fund Project annual check-up
Over the past 13 years, MITEI, with the support of our member companies and private donors, has made 177 seed fund awards totaling $24 million. Proposals across the entire spectrum of energy and related climate research are welcome, including science, technology, and social sciences. Awards have funded 189 principal investigators from 24 departments across MIT and submissions are encouraged from all disciplines. This session features projects from recent awardees.

Moderator: Martha Broad, Executive Director,
MIT Energy Initiative

Speakers:

Audun Botterud, Principal Research Scientist, Laboratory for Information & Decision Systems, MIT

Fikile R. Brushett, Cecil and Ida Green Career Development Chair, Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering, MIT

Betar Gallant, ABS Career Development Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, MIT

Zachary P. Smith, Joseph R. Mares Career Development Professor of Chemical Engineering, MIT

Karen Tapia-Ahumada, Research Scientist,
MIT Energy Initiative

12:15-2:00 pm Lunch and viewing of posters
2:00-3:15 pm Decarbonizing industry: Cement, steel, ethylene and ammonia
The industrial sector is the third largest contributor to U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, with 22.2% of the country’s total emissions as of 2017, according to the U.S. EPA. This session looks at the challenges and opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in several energy-intensive industries.

Moderator: Robert C. Armstrong, Director, MIT Energy Initiative and Chevron Professor of Chemical Engineering at MIT

Speakers:

Antoine Allanore, Associate Professor of Metallurgy, Department of Material Science and Engineering, MIT

Katerina Ioannidou, Research Scientist, MIT Concrete Sustainability Hub

Karthish Manthiram, Warren K. Lewis Career Development Professor in Chemical Engineering, MIT

Kripa K. Varanasi, Professor, Department of
Mechanical Engineering, MIT

Kivanç Zaimler, Head of Energy Group, Sabanci Holding

3:15-3:30 pm Break
3:30-4:45 pm Mobility research at MIT Energy Initiative: A conversation about on-demand mobility services
In cities around the world, we are seeing a proliferation of new mobility services that provide on-demand, door-to-door service without the need to own your own car. While these services are gaining popularity, there are still significant questions about how they are being used by people and the implications of their introduction on private car ownership, existing urban transportation systems, energy consumption and emissions, social equity and inclusion, and much more. Join us as we have a conversation with mobility researchers from engineering, planning, and economics about how people are adopting these services and their implications for car ownership, car use, and the movement of people in different urban contexts.

Moderator: Randall Field, Executive Director, Mobility of the Future and Mobility Systems Center, MIT Energy Initiative

Speakers:

David Keith, Assistant Professor, System Dynamics, MIT

Joanna Moody, Research Program Manager,
Mobility Systems Center, MIT Energy Initiative

Jinhua Zhao, Edward H. and Joyce Linde Associate Professor of Transportation and City Planning; Chair,
PhD Program; Director, JTL Urban Mobility Lab at MIT

4:45 pm Closing Remarks
* Thursday, November 7
7:30-8:30 am Breakfast
8:30-9:30 am Morning plenary session:
Open SESAME: Understanding pathways
Today’s energy systems are undergoing major transformations, which are leading towards greater convergence and inter-sectoral integration. Understanding the implications of these dynamics requires novel tools that provide deep systems-level insights. In this session, MIT researchers introduce a new tool, the Sustainable Energy System Analysis Modeling Environment (SESAME), that provides granular life-cycle analysis and enables deeper cross-system understanding.

Moderator: Emre Gençer, Research Scientist,
MIT Energy Initiative

Speakers:

Maryam Arbabzadeh, Postdoctoral Associate,
MIT Energy Initiative

Tapajyoti Ghosh, Postdoctoral Associate,
MIT Energy Initiative

Naga Srujana Goteti, Postdoctoral Associate,
MIT Energy Initiative

9:30-9:45 am Travel Time for Workshops in E19

9:45 am-12:00 pm Low-Carbon Energy Center morning workshops: (concurrent sessions)

  •  Mobility SystemsThis session is for members only. 
  •  Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS) This session is open to all conference participants.
    Location: Multipurpose Room, Media Lab E14, 6th Floor

    • Keynote Address: Brine Management
      Meagan Mauter, Associate Professor of
      Civil & Environmental Engineering and Center Fellow,
      Stanford University
    • The Economics of BECCS Deployment
      Howard J. Herzog, Executive Director, CCUS Center;
      Senior Research Engineer, MIT Energy Initiative
    • Electrification of the Carbon Cycle
      Karthish Manthiram, Warren K. Lewis Career Development Professor in Chemical Engineering, MIT
  • Energy Storage
    9:45-11:00 am – This session is for members only.
  • 11:00 am – 12:00 pm – This session is open to all conference participants.
    Location: MITEI Large Conference Room, E19-319

    • 11:00-11:20 am Gigawatt-hour to Gigawatt-year Heat Storage
      Charles Forsberg, Principal Research Scientist, Nuclear Science and Engineering, MIT
    • 11:20-11:40 am The MIT College of Computing: Opportunities for energy storage
      Troy Van Voorhis, Department Head and
      Haslam and Dewey Professor of Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, MIT
    • 11:40 am-12:00 pm Big Data for Energy Storage:
      Panel discussion
      Moderators: Troy Van Voorhis, Yang Shao-Horn, and Jeffrey C. Grossman
  • Materials in Energy & Extreme Environments This session is open to all conference participants.
    Location: E15-283A

    • Welcome
      Bilge Yildiz, Co-director, MITEI Low-Carbon Energy Center for Materials in Energy & Extreme Environments Center; Professor, Materials Science and
      Engineering, and Nuclear Science and Engineering, MIT
    • Panel presentations: Realizing novel materials innovation in the broader sustainability context: economics, energy efficient conversion, novel  material properties, recycling and reuse

      Speakers:

      Katrin Daehn, Postdoctoral Associate, Department of Materials Science & Engineering, MIT

      Ahmed Ghoniem, Ronald C. Crane (1972) Professor; Director, Center for Energy and Propulsion Research; Director, Reacting Gas Dynamics Laboratory, MIT

      Ju Li, Co-director, MITEI Low-Carbon Energy Center for Materials in Energy and Extreme Environments; Battelle Energy Alliance Professor of Nuclear Science and Engineering; Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT

      Elsa Olivetti, Atlantic Richfield Associate Professor of Energy Studies, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT

      Kripa K. Varanasi, Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, MIT

    • Discussion and Q&A
12:00-1:10 pm Networking lunch
1:10-1:30 pm Travel Time for Workshops in E19

1:10-4:30 pm Low-Carbon Energy Center afternoon workshops: (concurrent sessions)
Please refer to the specific workshop for location, and timing.

  • Mobility Systems
    Location: Silverman Skyline Room, Media Lab E14,
    6th Floor

    • 1:10- 2:00 pm – This session is open to all conference participants. 
    • Hydrogen as a Transportation Fuel
      Yang Shao-Horn, Co-director, MITEI Low-Carbon Energy Center for Energy Storage; Professor,
      MIT Department of Materials Science and Engineering

    • 2:00- 4:15 pm – This session is for members only. 
  • Carbon Capture, Utilization, and StorageThis session is for members only.
  • 1:30-4:30 pm

  • Electric Power Systems modeling capabilities session This session is open to all conference participants
    (there will be an Electric Power Systems Center workshop on November 20).
  • Location: E15-283A
    1:30-4:30 pm

    • Welcome and brief overview of MITEI Electric Power Systems Center
    • Overview of the DRE model
      Karen Tapia-Ahumada, Research Scientist,
      MIT Energy Initiative

    • Overview of the RNM and REM Models
      Pablo Duenas Martinez, Research Scientist,
      MIT Energy Initiative

    • GenX model
      Nestor Sepulveda, PhD student, Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering, MIT

    • Panel discussion and Q&A
      Moderator: Dharik Mallapragada, Research Scientist, MIT Energy Initiative
  • Solar EnergyThis session is open to all conference participants.
  • Location: Multipurpose Room, Media Lab E14, 6th Floor
    1:30-4:30 pm

    • Opening remarks
      Vladimir Bulović, Co-director, MITEI Low-Carbon Energy Center for Solar Energy; Professor, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, MIT

    • PV value and cost targets
      Patrick Brown, Postdoctoral Researcher,
      MIT Energy Initiative

    • Next-generation of PVs: Flexible and lightweight solar photovoltaics (PV) for broad deployment
      Vladimir Bulović, Co-director, MITEI Low-Carbon Energy Center for Solar Energy; Professor, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, MIT

    • GridEdge Technologies
      Dane deQuilettes, Postdoctoral Associate,
      Research Laboratory of Electronics, MIT
      Nicole Moody, Doctoral Degree Candidate, Department of Chemistry, MIT
      Anurag Panda, Postdoctoral Associate,
      Research Laboratory of Electronics, MIT
      Richard Swartwout, PhD student and Tata Fellow, Department of Electrical Engineering, MIT

    • Silicon cost reduction and grid-scale storage
      Göksin Kavlak, Postdoctoral Associate, Institute for Data, Systems and Society, MIT
      Jessika Trancik, Associate Professor, Institute for Data, Systems, and Society, MIT

    • Q&A
4:30 pm Conference adjourns

* Thursday LCEC Workshops Eligibility: Select Low-Carbon Energy Center Workshops are for members only and invited guests. If you are interested in attending a workshop that is for members and invited guests only, please contact MITEI Member Services. Please note there is a morning plenary session that is open to all conference attendees. Additionally, there will be at least one LCEC Workshop in the morning and one in the afternoon that are open to all conference attendees.