MIT Energy Initiative
Research

Building façades that move, textiles that illuminate

A pathway to flexible, resilient architecture

Architectural rendering of solar-harvesting rooftop canopies, from Building façades that move, textiles that illuminate, Energy Futures Spring 2013Credit: KVA MATx

We need to have conceptual flexibility and creativity to see where the new materials can take us.

Sheila Kennedy



A row housing project designed by an international, MIT-led team is demonstrating novel concepts in energy and architecture at the Internationale Bauausstellung (International Building Exhibition, or IBA) in Hamburg, Germany. Two innovations in the “Soft House” create an active architecture responsive to environmental conditions and changing homeowner needs: A solid softwood structure sequesters carbon, and a movable textile infrastructure harvests solar energy and provides solid-state lighting. On the exterior, a responsive photovoltaic (PV) textile façade adjusts to follow the sun, creating a novel two-axis solar tracking system. Inside, movable light-emitting curtains create spatial divisions and personal micro-climates. In other work, the MIT team has designed a lightweight solar canopy that can be mounted on urban rooftops, bringing renewable energy to dense urban areas.


Researcher


This research was supported in part by the MIT Energy Initiative Seed Fund